According to the definition given in the Dictionnaire du Vin, a semi-sparkling wine is an effervescent wine which in a closed container has a pressure between 1 and 2.5 bar at 20ºC.
- Vin pétillant - France
- Vino frizzente - Italy
- Vino con aguja - Spain
- Vinho frisante - Portugal
- Perlwein - Germany
- Perlwine or Pearlwine - England
Such wines can be made like sparkling wines, with secondary fermentation occurring either in the bottle or in a closed tank.
In France, semi-sparkling wines are made in two regions: Loire Valley and Bugey-Cerdon.
Note: Carbonated semi-sparkling wines contain exogenous carbon dioxide.